Plant Protection in Mexico
Organizations and Collaborative Activities at Regional and International Levels
Article 7, subsection IV of the Mexican Plant Health Federal Act indicates that: "The current Federal Executive shall be made aware of international plant health treaties for formulation and or endorsement of the necessary interinstitutional agreements to achieve international harmonization of phytosanitary measures".
The international trade of plants, plant products and by-products represents a potential risk for introducing quarantine pests into trading countries. In order to manage this risk, Mexico has signed phytosanitary cooperative agreements with different trading partners.
These cooperative agreements are governed by general rules of international trade and establish bilateral or multilateral commitments to trade agricultural commodities. They recognize differences in the countries’ agricultural sector and establish mechanisms to avoid arbitrary and unjustified discrimination of contracting parties with similar phytosanitary conditions. Thus, phytosanitary measures are not applied to restrict international trade, in accordance with the World Trade Organization Agreement on Sanitary and Phytosanitary Measures.
We are members of the following Regional Plant Protection Organizations which coordinate regional activities and assist in achieving the objectives of the IPPC:
- North American Plant Protection Organization
- Organismo Internacional Regional de Sanidad Agropecuaria
Mexico maintains strong relationships with several international plant protection organizations, among them:
Import and domestic movement of agricultural commodities
Senasica establishes requirements for phytosanitary treatments that producers must apply to their plant products for their importation and domestic movement, to reduce the risk of pest introduction and spread.
They also certify the phytosanitary conditions of plants, plant products, and by-products to be exported or re-exported to comply with the Plant Health Federal Act.
- Phytosanitary requirements module
- Requirements to import insects
- Phytosanitary requirements public consultation
- Commodities under risk assessment
- Commodities unlisted on the phytosanitary requirements module
- Specific procedures and criteria
- Pest risk analysis